Δευτέρα, 28 Ιουλίου 2008

Ancient authors and historians


Only the names of Aristotle and Alexander the Great and their contribution to the history of mankind, the first with his wisdom, the latter with his valor, politics and magnanimity, should have been enough to awaken all those who try to falsify its history.

Macedonia has always been the most advanced part and bastion of Greece.

All historical authorities agree that the geographical boundaries of ancient Macedonia were the following :

  • Aegean Sea and Kamvounia, Pierian and Olymbus mountains southwards.
  • Ochris and Prespa Lakes and Vamvouna, Skomio and Rodhopi mountains northwards.
  • Nestos river eastward and
  • Grammos and Pindus mountains westwards.

The inhabitants of this region, the Macedonians, belonged to one of the older Greek tribes: Their closer relatives were Thessalians, specifically Magnisians with whom the shared their Aeolian origin.

The language they spoke was one of the older dilects of Greek language with a lot in common with Aeolian, Arcadian, Cyprian and Mycenian dilects.

Τhe Old Testament, the ancient authors, contemporary researchers, innumerable inscriptions on statues, graves and steles with Greek names and votive offerings, thousands of coins, not only in Macedonia but in the rest of Greece as well as in Libya, Egypt and Asia as far as India, categorically confirm that Macedonians as Greeks had the same gods and religious worship and that the Macedonians disseminated their language that is Greek, and the spirit of Greece all over the world of that time.

As all these evidences are innumerable only a few will be presented.

The Old Testament contains irrefutable and cogent textual evidences. In one of them, Prophet Daniel, about 200 years before the birth of Alexander the Great, predicted that "The King of the Medes and the Persians will be vanquished by a Greek King and that this first and great king will be succeeded by four kings from the same Kingdom".

The Ancient authors and historians are also giving innumerable evidence.The first historical accounts are given by Homer who mentions in the Iliad the names of various Pelasgian and Greek tribe that lived in Macedonia.

Stravon says, "of course Macedonia is a part of Greece".

Herodotous writes : "The descendants of Perdicas, the first king of Macedonians, are Greeks, as they themselves desire, and as I know myself".

Thucydides mentions that the Macedonians are composed of various Greek tribes under different kings.

Polybius says : "What and how much honour do Macedonians deserve who for the greatest part of their lives never ceased fighting against barbarians for the safety of Greeks".

Arian, in his book "Anabasis of Alexander" mentions that Alexander the Great, after the victorious battle of Granicus acted as follows : "He sent to Athens, the foremost city of Greeks, and not to Pella, which was the capital of Macedonia, three hundred panoplies and other Persian spoils as a votive offering to Athina with the inscription :

"Alexander, son of Philippos and the Greeks, with the exception of Lacedaemonians, offer these spoils from the Barbarians dwelling in Asia".

He also says that 2000 Greek mercenaries of the Persians, who were taken prisoners he sent them captive to Macedonia to work there as slaves: because though being Greeks they fought against Greece in favor of the barbarians.

Pausanias confirms that Macedonians were members of the Delphic Amphictiony by saying "In my time Amphictyons were thirty. The regions of Nicopolis, Macedonia and Thessaly, each sent six representatives" and as it is well known only Greeks were members of Amphictionies.

He also proves that Macedonians participated in the Olympic Games, where only Greeks could take part, with many participants and winners.

Johann Gustav Droysen - among other scholars - points out in his History of Alexander the Great, "both Philip and Alexander disseminated to the people of Asia not the Macedononian culture, which was never independent, but the Greek culture".