Κυριακή, 25 Μαΐου 2008

The Greek identity of the Ancient Macedonians


the Hebrew sources (the Bible, the book of Maccabees, the Talmud as well as the Jewish writers Josephus, Philo Judaeus and others (doc. 6, p. 44-45).
the New Testament:

Paul the Apostle, was summoned to Macedonia by a Macedonian in the form of a vision speaking to him in Greek (Act Apost. XVI 9,10)
The Apostles Paul and Silas met Greek men and women in Thessaloniki and Beroea (Act Apost. XVII 4, 12).

works by various classical authors, including

Hesiod

"And she conceived and bore to Zeus who delights in the thunderbolttwo sons, Magnes and Macedon, rejoicing in horses, who dwell round-about Pieria and Olympus", Hesiod, Catalogues of Women and Eoiae 3 (Loeb, H.G. Evelyn-White).

Strabo

"Macedonia, of course, is a part of Greece". Strabo, VII, Frg. 9 (Loeb, H.L. Jones)

Herodotus

"The Peloponnesians that were with the fleet were... the Lacedaemonians ... the Corinthians... the Sicyonians... the Epidaurians... the Troezenians... the people of Hermione there; all these, except the people of Hermione, were of Dorian and Macedonian stock and had last come from Erineus and Pindus and the Dryopian region". Herodotus VIII, 43 (Loeb. A.D. Godley).

"For in the days of king Deucalion it inhabited the land of Phthiotis, then in the time of Dorus son of Helen the country called Histiaean, under Ossa and Olympus; driven by the Cadmeans from this Histiaean country it settled about Pindus in the parts called Macedonian; thence again it migrated to Dryopia, and at last came from Dryopia into Peloponnesus, where it took the name of Dorian". Herodotus I, 56, 3 (Loeb, A.D. Godley).

"Tell your king who sent you how his Greek viceroy of Macedonia has received you hospitably... " Herodotus V, 20, 4 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

"For I myself am by ancient descent a Greek, and I would not willingly see Hellas change her freedom for slavery". Herodotus IX, 45, 2 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

"Now that these descendants of Perdiccas are Greeks, as they themselves say, I myself chance to know" Herodotus V, 22, 1 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

Helanicius
Polybius

"This is a sworn treaty made between us, Hannibal.. and Xenophanes the Athenian... in the presence of all the gods who possess Macedonia and the rest of Greece". The Histories of Polybius, VII, 9, 4 (Loeb, W. R. Paton)

"How highly should we honour the Macedonians, who for the greater part of their lives never cease from fighting with the barbarians for the sake of the security of Greece? For who is not aware that Greece would have constantly stood in the greater danger, had we not been fenced by the Macedonians and the honorable ambition of their kings?" The Histories of Polybius, IX, 35, 2 (Loeb, W.R. Paton)

Isocrates

"... all men will be grateful to you: the Hellenes for your kindness to them and the rest of the nations, if by your hands they are delivered from barbaric despotism and are brought under the protection of Hellas". Isocrates, To Philip, 154 (Loeb, G. Norlin)

"It is your privilege, as one who has been blessed with untrammeled freedom, to consider all Hellas your fatherland, as did the founder of your race". Isocrates, To Philip, 127 (Loeb, G. Norlin)

"Argos is the land of your fathers". Isocrates, To Philip, XII, 32 (Loeb, G. Norlin),

and Titus Livius

"Aetolians, Acarnanians, Macedonians, men of the same language" T. Livius XXXI, 29, 15 (Loeb, E.T. Sage) ,

Thucydides

"Three brothers of the lineage of Temenus came as banished men from Argos to Illyria, Gauanes and Aeropos and Perdiccas". Herodotus VIII, 137, l (Loeb, A.P. Godley)

"The country by the sea which is now called Macedonia... Alexander, the father of Perdiccas, and his forefathers, who were originally Temenidae from Argos" Thucydides 99,3 (Loeb, C F Smith)