Πέμπτη, 29 Μαΐου 2008

Η εικονογραφία ενός αρχαίου μύθου


Στη Θεσσαλονίκη έργα για τον Μ. Αλέξανδρο από τη Μακεδονία και την Ιταλία


Ο μύθος του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου ταξιδεύει σε Δύση και Ανατολή μέσα από την τέχνη της αρχαιότητας. Οχημα του ταξιδιού, μια έκθεση με φωτογραφίες από 32 έργα φιλοτεχνημένα στην ιταλική χερσόνησο κατά τη ρωμαϊκή εποχή, τον Μεσαίωνα και την Αναγέννηση, εμπνευσμένα από την προσωπικότητα και τον μύθο του Αλέξανδρου, όπως αυτός πέρασε στη Δύση. Τίτλος της, «Μέγας Αλέξανδρος: Εργα από τις Συλλογές της Μακεδονίας και εικονογραφία του μύθου στην Ιταλία» και θα φιλοξενηθεί στο Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Θεσσαλονίκης από τις 28 Μαΐου.

Κάθε τόπος-σταθμός της έκθεσης προσθέτει το δικό του κομμάτι στον μύθο του μεγάλου στρατηλάτη και η άφιξή της στη Θεσσαλονίκη έχει ιδιαίτερη σημασία. Την εικονογραφία του Μακεδόνα βασιλιά στην Ιταλία, περιβάλλουν έργα αυθεντικά, εξαιρετικής τέχνης ή σπανιότητας, που χρονολογούνται από την εποχή του Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου, στα ελληνιστικά και ρωμαϊκά χρόνια. Πρόκειται για έργα που δημιουργήθηκαν στον χώρο όπου γεννήθηκε και ανδρώθηκε ο βασιλιάς των Μακεδόνων.

«Είναι ο ηγέτης που έχει απεικονιστεί περισσότερο από κάθε άλλον στον κόσμο. Αιώνες μετά τον ξαφνικό θάνατό του, στην ηλικία των 33 χρόνων, διογκώθηκε και διαιωνίστηκε μια ισχυρή προσωπικότητα, πρότυπο ηγέτη και μυθική φυσιογνωμία», σημειώνει η κ. Πολυξένη Αδάμ-Βελένη, διευθύντρια του Αρχαιολογικού Μουσείου, το οποίο διοργανώνει την έκθεση σε συνεργασία με το Ιταλικό Μορφωτικό Ινστιτούτο Θεσσαλονίκης.

Εντεκα συνολικά ενότητες περιγράφουν την πορεία του Αλέξανδρου από τη γέννησή του ώς το θάνατό του. Η διάδοση του μύθου του στα μεσαιωνικά χρόνια αντιπροσωπεύεται με εξαίρετα ψηφιδωτά. Τα έργα γλυπτικής από χαλκό ή μάρμαρο, μικροτεχνίας, ψηφιδωτά δάπεδα, αγγεία και άλλα που απεικονίζουν οι φωτογραφίες της Ιταλίας εμπλουτίζουν αντικείμενα από τρεις αρχαιολογικές Εφορείες, μια επιλογή από εκατοντάδες που βρέθηκαν στη Μακεδονία και ιδιαίτερα στην Πέλλα.

Μεταξύ αυτών η χάλκινη σάρισα από την Ημαθία και η χάλκινη ασπίδα από τη Βεγόρα της Φλώρινας, δείγματα όπλων του μακεδονικού στρατού, αντίγραφα κεφαλής του από τα Γιαννιτσά και του Αλεξανδρου ως Πάνα από την Πέλλα, το χρυσό μετάλλιο του Αμπουκίρ με απεικόνιση της Ολυμπιάδος κ.ά. Το χρυσό στεφάνι Μυρτιάς, εποχής Μ. Αλεξάνδρου (340-320), ενσωματώνεται «για λόγους καθαρά συμβολικούς, αφού οι Ιταλοί συνέβαλαν τα μέγιστα στον επαναπατρισμό», εξηγεί η κ. Βελένη. Η έκθεση της Θεσσαλονίκης καλύπτει κυρίως το κενό της νομισματοκοπίας στη Μακεδονία και την Ανατολή, αφού πολλές δεκαετίες μετά τον θάνατο του στρατηλάτη εξακολουθούν οι κοπές νομισμάτων στο όνομά του.


Της Γιωτας Μυρτσιωτη
http://www.ekathimerini.gr/



Δευτέρα, 26 Μαΐου 2008

LETS FACE THE TRUTH Dear Citizens of Fyrom





interview with Denko Malevski minister of foreign
affairs (Fyrom )


Denko Malevski was the first minister of foreign
affairs after the recognition of his countrys Fyrom independence 1991...

Malevski admits the truth:

as far as Alexander the Great and his place in
the history of the country
Malevski agnowledges that THIS IS THE RESULT
of Political PLANNING rather then Historical Tradition...
The idea that Alexander the Great belongs to
Fyrom was at the mind of SOME OUTSIDER GROUPS ONLY..

This Groups were insignificant in the first years
of our Independence....

But the big problem is that the old Balkan Nations
they have been used in to legitimise them selves through their History...
In the balkans to Recognised as A Nation
you need to Have A HISTORY of 2000 to 3000 years
old...
SINCE YOU MADE AS TO INVENT A HISTORY...
WE DID INVENT IT...







Even the former prime minister of FYROM, now a Bulgarian citizen, knows and speaks the truth. That the people of FYROM are of Bulgarian and Albanian origin. Not a big secret. He even wrote the book "Facing the Truth" about it.


"Bulgarian historians say that FYROM citizens are of Bulgarian origin and their language developed from a Bulgarian dialect," which Skopje denies.





“I shall not indulge in a lecture on the ancient identity of the Macedonians and on Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great, but the Greeks were historically correct in the campaign that they launched in the early days of the dispute…

“Nor shall I engage in a lecture on the falsification of the history of Slavo-Macedonia since 1944, although that, too, has much hard factual content. I simply remind the House that Tito’s renaming of Vardar Banovina as the Republic of Macedonia in 1944 was a political statement.

[Mr. Edward O’Hara of the British Parliament]


FYROM's population is a mixture of many different ethnic groups. Only 60% of them are Slavs. There is also a large minority of Albanians (30%) and smaller groups of Serbs, Turks, Greeks and others.
The historic truth is that the Slavs descented into the region not before the 6th century They don't have any historical cultural or linguistic ties with ancient Macedonia and they would be realy foolish if they officialy claimed that they did. There is no historic or archaeological evidence connecting them with ancient Macedonia.


Kissinger’s statement, who speaking in Paris said: “Greece is right about the name issue. I say this because I know history, which American Ministers and officials do not. I should say that Greece has never made proper use of its strongest weapon, which is its history” (and unfortunately, among those who do not know history, are also officials of the EU)
.






In 1986, FYROM deceived the Vatican and presented Greek Byzantine Icons as “Macedonian”. Following the protestation of the Archbishop of Athens, the Vatican apoligised and stated: “We were trapped by the Skopjans”.


The US deputy Foreign Minister Mr.Thomas Niles, making a statement on the 23rd June 1992 to the Sub-Committee of US Congress, about recent developments in Europe said:“For “Macedonia” to be recognised as an independent state, it would be necessary to change its name” and added:“It is historically proven that the Yugoslavian Democracy of Macedonia was created by Stalin, Tito and Dimitrov, aiming at the stealthy removal of a large part of Northern Greece. This Democracy was used during the period 1944-1949 in order to destabilise Greece”


During World War II, Yugoslavia's Marshal Tito established Western Macedonia as one of Yugoslavia's six republics. Before World War II, the area was referred to as VARDARSKA.


With the appropriation of the name "Macedonia", Tito also created a mythic language (Slavic in origin, based on West Bulgarian dialects) called "Macedonian", whose grammar was developed by Krume Kepeski in 1944 and later codified by Blaze Koneski. The objective was territorial expansionism. Tito rewrote history by using foibles and propaganda to distort the integrity and heritage of the region.


The 7 month resistance of the Greeks to the Axis in 1940-41, upset Hitler’s plans to concur the Soviet Union. Hitler, in order to help Mussolini, who had been defeated by the Greeks, launched an attack on the 6th April 1941 against the fortifications of the Greek borders in Macedonia and Thrace, and at the same time on Yugoslavia. During the German occupation of Yugoslavia, communist Tito finally prevailed. In September 1944, when the Germans and Bulgarians left Skopje, Tito invaded Skopje and fabricated on paper the pseudo-Macedonian nation. Tito, as a Croat, in order to diminish the power of Serbia, founded the Socialist Democracy of “Macedonia”, while he was on Yugoslavian territory.


The only way the people of FYROM can be persuaded they have been deceived, is to follow what archaeologist Manolis Andronicos, who discovered Philip’ grave, had said: “Look at the inscriptions”.


Zelef, as President of FYROM Democracy, when asked on the 20 th June 1993 in Sweden by a journalist of the Swedish Newspaper Svenska Dugbladed about the “Macedonian Nation”, had said: “The Macedonian Nation Commitern created after the war is a Crime committed by Titoism and Stalinism”.


Tzaferri, leader of an Albanian party in Skopje, accused Gligorov in August 1997 of usurping the historical and cultural heritage of other Balkan countries, with the characteristic example of the self-evident historical antiquities of Bulgaria and Greece, that resulted in quarrels. Gligorof concluded, by emphasizing that there is no real Macedoniansm, but imaginary, because it endeavors to be build on the grounds of a myth. He recently stated:“It is condemned by all scientists”.



There is no precedent in universal history of a people, that occupied and settled in another country, to appropriate the name of this country and its people, which pre-existed for more than 1000 years. It is also absurd to discover after 1950 the existence of a “Macedonian Nation”, which no history or map even mentioned for more than two thousand years.

The late French President of Democracy Mitterand said to journalists, when he visited Vergina in 1992:«I did not know about the excavations and I could not imagine that the stamp of Greece would be so strong here. I was deeply impressed as much by the cultural presence of ancient Macedonia, as by the simplicity of the monks of Holy Mountain Athos, who preserve the Byzantine civilisation for many centuries»



In 1988 the former Minister of Nationalities of Canada Mr Whiner stated, when he returned from Macedonia:«Macedonia is Greek».




In the same year (1988) the Minister of Nationalities of Australia Mr Gattman, stated on his return from Macedonia:«The poisonous positions of Yugoslavia in Australia are out of place»



The false assertion of the Skopjeans that they represent the “Macedonian Nation”, that there are “Macedonian minorities” and that they are “Macedonians”, which is strongly rejected by the Greeks, the Bulgarians, the Albanians and the Serbs, constitutes the sole danger of destabilization of the area.

Those who call this Skopjean State “Democracy of Macedonia” and the Skopjeans “Macedonians”, should not forget that this Democracy was fabricated by Tito and Stalin in 1944, as a consequence of the Italian fascist attack against Greece in 1940 and the German in 1941. They should also remember that according the admission of Hitler and many others, it was the heroic struggle of the Greeks that prevented Hitler’s victory, contributed to his defeat in Europe and led to the final victory of the Allies in WW II.

In 1942 the Frenchman Pierre Bourdan talking to the BBC said “As time goes by it will become clear that following the action of England in 1940 it was the braveness of the Greek people which contributed most to the preservation of the European civilization. This is what they should bear in mind those form Europe today. Every act of ingratitude to Greece would equal an act of betrayal to Europe”.


Falsification Of History
The inhabitants of The FYROM are mostly Slavs, Bulgarians and Albanians. They have nothing in common with the ancient Macedonians. Here are some testimonies from The FYROM’s officials:



"We are Slavs who came to this area in the sixth century ... we are not descendants of
the ancient Macedonians."

Quote from FYROM'S President Mr. Kiro Gligorov.
(from the Foreign Information Service Daily Report, Eastern Europe, February 26, 1992, p. 35. )





"We are Macedonians but we are Slav Macedonians. That's who we are!
We have no connection to Alexander the Greek and his Macedonia.
The ancient Macedonians no longer exist, they had disappeared from history long time ago.
Our ancestors came here in the 5th and 6th century (AD)."

Quote from FYROM'S President Mr. Kiro Gligorov.
(from the Toronto Star newspaper, March 15, 1992)



22 January 1999: FYROM'S Ambassador in Washington, Mrs. Ljubica Acevshka, gave a speech on the present situation in the Balkans. At the end of her speech answering questions Mrs. Acevshka said: "We do not claim to be descendants of Alexander the Great." "Greece is FYROM'S second largest trading partner, and its number one investor. Instead of opting for war, we have chosen the mediation of the United Nations, with talks on the ambassadorial level under Mr. Vance and Mr. Nimitz." In reply to another question about the ethnic origin of the people of FYROM, Ambassador Achevska stated that "we are Slavs and we speak a Slav language."



24 February 1999: In an interview with the Ottawa Citizen, Gyordan Veselinov, FYROM’s Ambassador to Canada, admitted, "We are not related to the northern Greeks who produced leaders like Philip and Alexander the Great. We are a Slav people and our language is closely related to Bulgarian." He also commented "there is some confusion about the identity of the people of this country."



Moreover, the Foreign Minister of the FYROM, Slobodan Casule, in an interview to Utrinski Vesnik of Skopje on December 29, 2001, said that he mentioned to the Foreign Minister of Bulgaria, Solomon Pasi, that they “belong to the same Slav people.”








Don't call them by
MY NAME

Don't call them by A GREEK NAME

Call them Vardaska



Προκαλεί ο Γκρούεφσκι

"Δεν μπορούμε να εγκαταλείψουμε την ταυτότητά μας, τον πολιτισμό και την παιδεία μας,(για ποια ταυτοτητα πολιτισμο και παιδεια ακριβως μιλατε???) επειδή αυτά αποτελούν κρίσιμα προαπαιτούμενα για ένα ευημερές, βιώσιμο μέλλον (με τον τροπο που το πατε???κλεβοντας??με παχια ψεματα???
εχετε φουσκωσει τα μυαλα της νεολαιας σας??? δεν νομιζω!!)για κάθε έθνος" δήλωσε αργά το Σάββατο το βράδυ, από τη Ρώμη, ο πρωθυπουργός της ΠΓΔΜ, Νίκολα Γκρούεφσκι, όπως μεταδίδουν τα ΜΜΕ των Σκοπίων.


Δεν υπάρχει κανείς διοικητικός μηχανισμός που θα μπορούσε να διαγράψει τη μνήμη για το ποιοι είμαστε και τι είμαστε(Το προβλημα ειναι δικο σας γιατι δεν θελετε να δειτε τι πραγματικα ειστε αρνηστε την πραγματικη σας ταυτοτητα Σλαβο βουλγαρικη θα ελεγα) Δεν υπάρχει υποκατάστατο της ταυτότητας. Επομένως, δεν θα ενταχθούμε στην Ευρώπη με κανέναν άλλον τρόπο, παρά μόνο ως Μακεδόνες"(με το ονειρο θα μεινετε ) τόνισε ο κ. Γκρούεφσκι, μιλώντας σε εκδήλωση που διοργανώθηκε στο ιταλικό υπουργείο Πολιτισμού, αφιερωμένη στη μνήμη του Αγίου Κυρίλλου.
Τι αλλο θα ακουσουν τα αυτακια μας???

Κυριακή, 25 Μαΐου 2008

Νέες προκλήσεις των Σκοπίων

Θέμα Θεσσαλονίκης έθεσε ο αρχιεπίσκοπος της αποκαλούμενης "Μακεδονικής Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας" παρουσία του Σκοπιανού Πρωθυπουργού Γκρουέφσκι. Έντονα αντέδρασε η Αθήνα στις νέες προκλήσεις των Σκοπίων ζητώντας από την ηγεσία της FYROM να καταδικάσει τα λεχθέντα

Την άμεση και δυναμική αντίδραση του ελληνικού Υπουργείου Εξωτερικών, προκάλεσαν οι νέες προκλήσεις των Σκοπίων.

Συγκεκριμένα, ο αρχιεπίσκοπος της αποκαλούμενης, ως "Μακεδονικής Ορθόδοξης Εκκλησίας" από τη Ρώμη, έθεσε θέμα Θεσσαλονίκης, μάλιστα παρουσία του πρωθυπουργού της χώρας του Γκρουέφσκι!

Την άμεση καταδίκη των όσων ειπώθηκαν ζήτησε από την ηγεσία της FYROM η Υπουργός των εξωτερικών Ντόρα Μπακογιαννη. Αναλυτικότερα, στις δηλώσεις της η κυρία Μπακογιάννη τονίζει ότι: "Τα όσα άκρως προκλητικά και απολύτως απαράδεκτα ειπώθηκαν παρουσία του Πρωθυπουργού της γειτονικής χώρας επιβεβαιώνουν: πρώτον, την ορθότητα της ελληνικής επιχειρηματολογίας, στάσης και πολιτικής, που επιμένει στην ανάγκη λύσης του προβλήματος της ονομασίας δεύτερον, ότι για όσο παραμένει άλυτο το πρόβλημα αυτό θα γίνεται εργαλείο και όχημα ενός παρωχημένου και ανιστόρητου αλυτρωτισμού επικίνδυνου για την περιφερειακή συνεργασία και σταθερότητα στην ευπαθή περιοχή των Βαλκανίων & τρίτον, ότι η γειτονική χώρα για όσο χρόνο παραμένει δέσμια λογικών αλυτρωτισμού του παρελθόντος δεν μπορεί να προσβλέπει σε Ευρωπαϊκό και Ευρωατλαντικό μέλλον".

NET, NET-105,8, ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ

The Greek identity of the Ancient Macedonians


the Hebrew sources (the Bible, the book of Maccabees, the Talmud as well as the Jewish writers Josephus, Philo Judaeus and others (doc. 6, p. 44-45).
the New Testament:

Paul the Apostle, was summoned to Macedonia by a Macedonian in the form of a vision speaking to him in Greek (Act Apost. XVI 9,10)
The Apostles Paul and Silas met Greek men and women in Thessaloniki and Beroea (Act Apost. XVII 4, 12).

works by various classical authors, including

Hesiod

"And she conceived and bore to Zeus who delights in the thunderbolttwo sons, Magnes and Macedon, rejoicing in horses, who dwell round-about Pieria and Olympus", Hesiod, Catalogues of Women and Eoiae 3 (Loeb, H.G. Evelyn-White).

Strabo

"Macedonia, of course, is a part of Greece". Strabo, VII, Frg. 9 (Loeb, H.L. Jones)

Herodotus

"The Peloponnesians that were with the fleet were... the Lacedaemonians ... the Corinthians... the Sicyonians... the Epidaurians... the Troezenians... the people of Hermione there; all these, except the people of Hermione, were of Dorian and Macedonian stock and had last come from Erineus and Pindus and the Dryopian region". Herodotus VIII, 43 (Loeb. A.D. Godley).

"For in the days of king Deucalion it inhabited the land of Phthiotis, then in the time of Dorus son of Helen the country called Histiaean, under Ossa and Olympus; driven by the Cadmeans from this Histiaean country it settled about Pindus in the parts called Macedonian; thence again it migrated to Dryopia, and at last came from Dryopia into Peloponnesus, where it took the name of Dorian". Herodotus I, 56, 3 (Loeb, A.D. Godley).

"Tell your king who sent you how his Greek viceroy of Macedonia has received you hospitably... " Herodotus V, 20, 4 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

"For I myself am by ancient descent a Greek, and I would not willingly see Hellas change her freedom for slavery". Herodotus IX, 45, 2 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

"Now that these descendants of Perdiccas are Greeks, as they themselves say, I myself chance to know" Herodotus V, 22, 1 (Loeb, A.D. Godley)

Helanicius
Polybius

"This is a sworn treaty made between us, Hannibal.. and Xenophanes the Athenian... in the presence of all the gods who possess Macedonia and the rest of Greece". The Histories of Polybius, VII, 9, 4 (Loeb, W. R. Paton)

"How highly should we honour the Macedonians, who for the greater part of their lives never cease from fighting with the barbarians for the sake of the security of Greece? For who is not aware that Greece would have constantly stood in the greater danger, had we not been fenced by the Macedonians and the honorable ambition of their kings?" The Histories of Polybius, IX, 35, 2 (Loeb, W.R. Paton)

Isocrates

"... all men will be grateful to you: the Hellenes for your kindness to them and the rest of the nations, if by your hands they are delivered from barbaric despotism and are brought under the protection of Hellas". Isocrates, To Philip, 154 (Loeb, G. Norlin)

"It is your privilege, as one who has been blessed with untrammeled freedom, to consider all Hellas your fatherland, as did the founder of your race". Isocrates, To Philip, 127 (Loeb, G. Norlin)

"Argos is the land of your fathers". Isocrates, To Philip, XII, 32 (Loeb, G. Norlin),

and Titus Livius

"Aetolians, Acarnanians, Macedonians, men of the same language" T. Livius XXXI, 29, 15 (Loeb, E.T. Sage) ,

Thucydides

"Three brothers of the lineage of Temenus came as banished men from Argos to Illyria, Gauanes and Aeropos and Perdiccas". Herodotus VIII, 137, l (Loeb, A.P. Godley)

"The country by the sea which is now called Macedonia... Alexander, the father of Perdiccas, and his forefathers, who were originally Temenidae from Argos" Thucydides 99,3 (Loeb, C F Smith)

Δευτέρα, 5 Μαΐου 2008

The speech of Alexander

The speech of Alexander I when he was admitted to the Olympic games "Men of Athens...
Had I not greatly at heart the common welfare of Hellas I should not have come to tell you;
but I am myself Hellene by descent, and I would not willingly see Hellas exchange freedom for slavery....
If you prosper in this war, forget not to do something for my freedom; consider the risk I have run,
out of zeal for the Hellenic cause, to acquaint you with what Mardonius intends, and to save you from
being surprised by the barbarians. I am Alexander of Macedon."
(Herodotus, The Histories, 9.45)

THE TRUTH ABOUT MAKEDONIA


There is no doupt that ancient Macedonians were Greek. It is thoroughly proved by historic documents and archaeological discoveries which can be found in history books and museums in Greece and arround the world. The most important archeological discovery in Macedonia is the tomb of King Philippos II. It was excavated in Vergina, Greece in 1978 and it proves beyond any doubt the Greekness of ancient Macedonia. All the findings are characteristic of the Greek culture and all the inscriptions are written using the Greek language Facts which prove that ancient Macedonians were Greek people: • Macedonians spoke a dialect of the Greek language All the monuments and inscriptions found in the Macedonia are written using the Greek language. Take a look at the archaeological discoveries. There is no historic evidence to suggest that the Macedonians were using a different language. • Macedonians had Greek names All the ancient Macedonian names mentioned in history or found on tombs are Greek. All the kings of Ancient Macedonia had Greek names. Nobody discovered ancient Macedonian names ending to -ov or -ovski or whatever. Alexander's name is Greek. The word Alexandros is produced from the prefix alex(=protector) and the word andros(=man) meaning he who protects The prefix alex can be found in many Greek words today (alexiptoto=parachute, alexisfairo=bulletproof - all these words have the meaning of protetion). Philip's name is also Greek. It is produced from the prefix Philo(=friendly to something) and the word ippos(=horse) meaning the man who is friendly to horses. The prefix philo and the word ipposare also found in many words of Greek origin today (philosophy,philology, hippodrome,hippocampus). A detailed list of ancient Macedonian names can be found here. • The regions of ancient Macedonia had Greek names. The regions which formed ancient Macedonia had Greek names. Most of these names are used in Greece even today. • Macedonian architecture was similar to the Greek architecture. All the buldings found in the Macedonia region have many common characteristics with the ones found in the rest of Greece. Palaces, temples, theaters markets are characteristic sampes of ancient Greek architecture. • Macedonians fought together with the rest of the Greeks. Macedonians always fought along with the other Greek city-states against enemies from Asia. • Macedonians took part in the Olympic games. It is well known then ONLY Greeks were allowed to take part in the ancient Olympic games. For a list of Macedonians who participated in the Olympic Games. • Macedonians celebrated the same festivals as the rest of the Greeks. Examples of festivals which were celebrated in Macedonia as well as in other Greek states are the Hetaireidia the Apellaia and many more. • Macedonians worshiped the same Gods as the rest of the Greeks. Several temples dedicated to the Greek Gods have beem discovered in Macedonia and especially in Dion the religious center of ancient Macedonians. It is obvious that the Macedonias worshiped the 12 Olympian Gods as the rest of the Greeks. The Gods were living on Mount Olympos which happens to be located in Macedonia. All historical and archaeological evidence demonstrates that the ancient Macedonians were Greek. Macedonia is a Greek name that has designated the northern area of Greece for 2,500 years.